This standard is derived from Achievement Objective S6.3 Investigate situations that involve elements of chance.

This standard encourages students to undertake a probability experiment. They will need to pose a question, plan and conduct an experiment, choose appropriate displays including experimental probability distributions, and identify and communicate patterns in the data. Students need to understand the variation between theoretical and experimental probability distributions and realise the effect of the sample size.

## Achievement standard and Guides

- Achievement Standard (AS91038)
- Conditions of Assessment (AS91038) Jan 2016
- Clarification of the standard (AS91038)
- Exemplars
- TKI Assessments
- Key Ideas Probability Level 6
- Senior Secondary Guide AO S6-3
- Glossary of Statistics terms

## Resources for teaching and learning

### Key Resources

**Essential Teaching and Learning Experiences for successful Probabilistic Thinking****Visualizing variation with Tinkerplots****Probability NCEA Level 1: Using TinkerPlots to aid the understanding of uncertainty****Probability distributions Level 5****Probability experiences, Level 1 and before**

### Teacher Preparation

**STEW, STatistics Education Web****Changing Teaching Statistics: Real Data, Real learning****Level 1 Standards Overview**

### Classroom Activities

**Making sense of the meaningful data all around us!****Hands on activities for teaching risk****Sampling variation just keeps turning up everywhere!****Johnnie's Math Page - Probability****How to train a dragon AS91038 Practice Task****Canterbury Mathematics Association 2014 Statistics Teachers Day****Exploring paper, scissors, or rock****Activities for Probability****Exploring spinners****Quiz or no quiz****Sum of two dice****Is this die fair?**

### Sourcing Materials

### Curriculum and Assessment